Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and Sport (2022)

Australian Football League (AFL). The Indigenous population makes up approximately two and a half percent of the total Australian population; from this, 100,000 Indigenous participants are involved with AFL programs around the country. Indigenous Players make up 11% of the AFL player list. Indigenous programs include:

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  • Sir Doug Nicholls Indigenous Round. In honour of the Round, all 18 clubs will wear special Indigenous-themed guernseys and the AFL umpires will also wear uniforms that represent the Indigenous and Torres Strait Islander communities with the artwork designed by two students from Worawa Aboriginal College.
  • Next Generation Academies. The AFL Club Next Generation Academies are a joint initiative between the AFL and AFL Clubs, aimed at increasing the opportunities for young people to learn about and play the game of Australian Rules football. The program is targeted at Multicultural and Indigenous communities who may not have as much opportunity to be involved in football programs, or who have limited understanding of the game and how it is played. While the programs focus is on these non-traditional football communities, it is a program that is available to all young players of any skill level aged 11 – 18 years old.
  • Jim Stynes Scholarship. Funded by the Federal Government and supported by the AFL and The Reach Foundation, the purpose of the Jim Stynes Scholarship Fund is to assist in providing both a pathway to employment and a pathway to develop skills and talents unique in youth aged 13 to 19 who have a multicultural or Indigenous background or are from a socially isolated community.
  • Footy Means Business. The program provides education, training and employment opportunities for 50 young Indigenous men from across Australia. The participants are engaged in two one-week residential camps and are exposed to the environment of a professional AFL player, including high-performance testing, training and conditioning as well as leadership development. A highlight of the program is the opportunity to play the curtain-raiser to Dreamtime at the G between Richmond and Essendon.

AFL Cape York. The purpose of AFL Cape York Ltd is to enhance the life skills of Indigenous Australians and increase the participation in sport through the AFL Game. The program has grown from not just encouraging AFL participation but more importantly offering AFL as a vehicle to create personal and community change. AFL Cape York staff encourage participants to go to school, say no to substance abuse and other drugs and discuss the negative affect violence is having on communities. Annually, AFL Cape York engages over 12,000 Participants face-to-face through our Game Development Team via Sport Education (In-School), Auskick (After-School), Kick and Catch, Crusader Cups (Development and Representative Pathways), Community Engagement Sessions and Coach Education Programs.

AFL Northern Territory - Remote projects. By harnessing the passion for Australian Rules Football, remote-based football initiatives are delivered by AFLNT to save extensive and dangerous travel time to access structured and supported sporting environments. Remote based football programs allow people to play their sport of preference on country of significance without the potential distractions of urban locations. All football initiatives are participatory driven to include; children, youth and adults (males and female) in various programs. Football activities involve targeted messaging and specific programs based on advice from community elders, funding bodies and service providers. The remote projects are delivered in a culturally sensitive manner with consideration for local customs, traditions and cultural practices.

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AFL Victoria. AFL Victoria’s Indigenous Programs have an ongoing commitment to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities throughout the state of Victoria. Using Australian Football as the vehicle to promote healthy lifestyles/ wellbeing, education, employment, leadership including talent pathways, skill and game development. Programs include Indigenous talent programs (male and female); Sir Doug Nicholls Round; Koorie NAB AFL AusKick.

AFL Players Association strives to support the industry to provide an inclusive environment for all AFL and AFLW players to thrive within.Over many years, the PA has worked with Indigenous people to help educate the AFL industry on the unique challenges faced by Indigenous players and put support mechanisms in place to help them develop as both footballers and people. Central to that support is the AFLPA’s Indigenous Relationships Manager, Jamie Bennell, whose role is to connect Indigenous players with the services available to them through the AFLPA. In addition to Jamie, the AFLPA’s Indigenous Advisory Board (IAB), represents all Indigenous players by using the power in the voice of the collective to influence key issues. The IAB was born out of the AFLPA/AFL Indigenous Camp, which is a bi-annual event first held in 2000 where players from across the league come together on country to connect, learn and strategise ways to improve AFL experience for Indigenous players.

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  • Many Stories, One Goal – Supporting Indigenous Footballers, AFL Players Association, (updated 2016). Resource was developed by the nine-member Indigenous Advisory Board and built from the stories and experiences of every Indigenous player in the game and key stakeholders within the industry. The policy is built around four key pillars; Induction, Professional Development, Personal Support and Our Culture – areas identified as vital to developing an environment that best supports Indigenous footballers throughout every stage of their playing career and beyond.

SportsReady. The organisation works with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities to develop sustainable employment pathways. It believes that education and employment are vital for people to participate fully in society.

Indigenous Players Alliance (IPA). A not for profit, independent, peak body for past and current Australian Football League Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander players with a culturally appropriate support network, research and advocacy. Membership is open to past and current AFL players.

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Rumbalara Football Netball Club (Rumbalara FNC) is an Aboriginal community run sporting club located in Shepparton, Victoria. It is dedicated to strengthening the community and bringing families together through strong vibrant leadership. It is a place of belonging, a place that people of all ages and backgrounds can call their own.

Aboriginal Power Cup, Port Adelaide Football Club, (accessed 16 April 2021). The SANTOS Aboriginal Power Cup is run in partnership with the South Australian Aboriginal Secondary Training Academy (SAASTA). It was established in 2008 with funding from the Government of South Australia, and grew significantly with the support of SANTOS since 2009. In the first two years the SANTOS Aboriginal Power Cup met its objectives of improving the school attendance rates for Aboriginal students, using football as a vehicle to engage and motivate students at school. In successfully engaging students and attaining high attendance rates through APC our KPI’s continued to evolve from attendance to retention, completion and now transition into higher education or meaningful employment. The grand finals of the SANTOS Aboriginal Power Cup are played as a curtain-raiser to a Port Adelaide game at Adelaide Oval during Reconciliation week. To reach the final, teams must;

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  • Meet the 80% minimum school attendance requirement
  • Rank highly in both the academic and behavioural components of the program.

Nicky Winmar Carnival is an annual round robin tournament targeting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male youth aged 13 to 15. The tournament features teams representing both metropolitan and regional WA. The carnival provides members of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community with a direct opportunity to: Participate in a structured WA football marquee event; Achieve coaching and umpiring accreditation; Re-engage with educational and sport participation programs; Connect with AFL/WAFL mentors and role models; Potentially be identified for WAFL development pathways.

(Video) Ask us anything: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

FAQs

Why are sports important to indigenous people? ›

For many Indigenous peoples, the primary purpose of sport is to build self-esteem among youth. Sport and activity gives youth a sense of purpose and direction, and, in some cases, helps them to engage in more appropriate activity during their free time while they find their way in the world.

Why is sport important to indigenous Australia? ›

Sport can play a positive role in increasing physical activity participation and improving broader health, wellbeing, and community outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

What are the benefits of traditional games and sport for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities? ›

Benefits of traditional Aboriginal games

Many Aboriginal people see the traditional Indigenous games as a strong indicator that their culture can survive. In this way traditional games are not only helping Aboriginal youth to get physically fit but also inspiring older members of the Indigenous community.

Which sport has the highest Aboriginal participation rates? ›

For Indigenous boys aged 4-14 years, the three most popular sports were Australian rules football (17% or 12,000 people), rugby league (16% or 12,000 people) and soccer (outdoor - 10.5% or 7,500 people).

What roles have sports played in Aboriginal societies? ›

Aboriginal games/sports are played both by adults and children. Before, games were played for hunting skills, learning tools, spiritual learning, or for entertainment. Many of the games were symbolic of specific seasons, winter or summer.

What are the Indigenous sports? ›

Indigenous Sports of India
  • Kushti Akhada.
  • Thang-Ta.
  • Kalaripayattu.
  • Kho-Kho.
  • Tug of War.
  • Mallakhamb.
  • Hekko.
  • Sqay.

What social issues affect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders? ›

Significant risk factors that can impact on the social emotional wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities include:
  • widespread grief and loss.
  • impacts of the Stolen Generations and removal of children.
  • unresolved trauma.
  • separation from culture and identity issues.

What is a barrier in sport? ›

A barrier is something that stops or prevents an individual developing in a physical activity or sport.

Why was boxing an attractive sporting option for Indigenous Australians? ›

Boxing has always been a way for disadvantaged people to improve their lot. For Indigenous people in Australia, sport provided a way to level the playing field and compete as equals inside the ring or on the field.

What are some barriers that Aboriginal sports people may have experienced? ›

Key barriers identified for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in sport include: the difference and diversity of geographical location; the exclusiveness of the current structure of some sports; lack of financial resources; lack of role models working in and playing the game; lack of information and knowledge ...

How is indigenous games and sports played? ›

The most popular indigenous game is umgusha, which is played using pantyhose as well as di tini, which is played using tins and a ball. One needs to participate regularly in indigenous games to stay in touch with one's own culture and heritage as well as get to know other cultures in this very diverse earth jungle.

What games do Aboriginal people play? ›

Traditional Indigenous games trail
  • Buroinjin. This was a ball game played by the Kabi Kabi people of south Queensland. ...
  • Edor. Edor is a chasing-tagging team game which originates in the Aurukun Aboriginal community in North Queensland. ...
  • Kai. The Kai game is from the Torres Strait Islands. ...
  • Kee'an. ...
  • Weme.
3 Jul 2018

What are barriers and enablers in sport? ›

Results: The three main barriers to sports participation that emerged were a) structural (disorientation in a new living environment, facilities, access to healthcare), b) social (financial and time constraints) and c) personal (social pressures and lack of an understanding of why sporting activity matters for bone ...

How does sports influence the physical activity participation of the community? ›

Communities that participate in sport and recreation develop strong social bonds, are safer places and the people who live in them are generally healthier and happier than places where physical activity isn't a priority. Sport and recreation builds stronger, healthier, happier and safer communities.

How many indigenous athletes are in the Australian Olympic team? ›

Of the 60 Indigenous athletes known to represent Australia at the Olympic Games, 43 are men and 17 are women. But between them the women have won 11 out of Australia's 15 Indigenous medals.

What are the values they get from playing indigenous games? ›

Playing indigenous games not only improves physical development and brain stimulation. They get to experience and let their imagination wonder. Children also learn social skills because most of these games are played in a group. They also learn and understand rules.

What are some indigenous activities? ›

Traditional Activities
  • Hunting.
  • Fishing.
  • Gathering and harvesting foods.
  • Indigenous ball games, including Lacrosse.
  • Bone and Stick Games.

Why did indigenous people play lacrosse? ›

“Lacrosse was an integral part of Native Americans' culture,” says Joe Finn, archivist at the National Lacrosse Hall of Fame and Museum. “It was played to prepare them for war, and it was also a social event where tribes would get together for trade and sport. It was sometimes used to settle disputes."

What are traditional games were played by the native people? ›

In addition, they enjoyed races, tug-of-war, hide and seek, and blind man's bluff types of games. Native American games fall into two general categories: games of chance, the outcome of which depends on luck, and games of skill. Games of chance are played with sticks, dice, or involved guessing.

What is indigenous play? ›

Indigenous play is a traditionally conceive art of art or representation of a. culture. The impact of indigenous play/game on executive functioning could. enrich both sociocultural and cognitive science–oriented research.

What did Aboriginal children play with? ›

Anthropologist Dr Walter Edmund Roth observed boys and girls playing at hunting and preparing food, the boys playing with toy boomerangs, spears, woomeras and shields while the girls played with dolls, baskets and digging sticks.

How do physical needs impact Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders? ›

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, physical inactivity is the fourth (6%) leading modifiable risk factor that contributes to the loss of healthy life (the disease burden), after tobacco use (12%), alcohol (8%) and high body mass (8%). Its effect is manifested through a range of diseases.

Why do Indigenous people have poorer health outcomes? ›

Indigenous populations have poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts [1]. The experience of colonisation, and the long-term effects of being colonised, has caused inequalities in Indigenous health status, including physical, social, emotional, and mental health and wellbeing [2].

Who started the Stolen Generation? ›

The Stolen Generations refers to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children who were removed from their families between 1910 and 1970. This was done by Australian federal and state government agencies and church missions, through a policy of assimilation.

Why do girls drop out of sport Australia? ›

These reasons to stop playing sport are shared by many other girls. In fact, research has found that girls stop playing because of issues of equality, fewer opportunities, societal perceptions of masculinity and femininity, and also, like me, changing self-image and because they don't really think they are good at it.

Why do people not participate in sports? ›

Lack of accessible facilities, such as gymnasiums and buildings. Limited accessible transportation. Limiting psychological and sociological factors including attitudes towards disability of parents, coaches, teachers and even people with disabilities themselves. Limited access to information and resources.

What factors affect participation in sports? ›

Other factors affecting participation in sport
  • Opportunity and access. For people to participate in sport and physical activity, facilities, sessions and resources need to be available in the area. ...
  • Discrimination. ...
  • Environment and climate. ...
  • Role models.

What are the most popular indigenous games during their time? ›

5 Indigenous games to play with your children
  • One Foot High Kick. This game involves jumping, walking, running, balancing, and kicking, and can be played with kids of all ages. ...
  • Snow Snake. ...
  • Make the Stick Jump. ...
  • Lacrosse. ...
  • Siturtaq / Monkey Dance.
17 Jun 2019

How many indigenous games are there? ›

The World Indigenous Games grew from the Brazilian Indigenous Peoples Games. There have been 12 editions of the national games, during which approximately 1,500 athletes took part. The World Indigenous Games, also known as the Indigenous Olympics, is similar to any other Olympic Games.

When was sport introduced to Australia? ›

Sport arrived in Australia with the First Fleet in 1788. None of the officers and convicts were familiar and comfortable with the sporting traditions of that era – horseracing, cricket, boxing, pedestrianism and sports involving animals, such as cockfighting.

How many indigenous AFL players are there? ›

Australian football is the sport of choice for Indigenous Australians. The Indigenous population makes up two and a half percent of the total Australian population; from this, 90,000 participants are involved with AFL programs around the country. Indigenous Players make up 9% of our AFL list.

How would you describe Aboriginal culture? ›

Aboriginal culture is holistic, defined by its connection to family, community and country. In Australia, the idea of “being on country” is central to the Aboriginal worldview. The land (or country) is what defines Aboriginal people.

Who is a famous indigenous Australian? ›

One of the most recognisable Indigenous Australians, Ernie Dingo grew up in remote Mullewa, WA, and is a descendant of the Yamatji people of the state. The actor, presenter and writer appeared in the popular films Crocodile Dundee II, Blackfellas and Bran Neu Dae.

Why did Aboriginal people play games? ›

During the long, dark winter months games kept children busy physically and mentally and kept adults in top physical form. Traditional Indigenous games taught valuable skills but also combined mental and physical wellbeing.

Why traditional sport is important? ›

“Traditional sports are a part of our culture and identity. If we keep them alive and make sure our future generations take an interest, we can protect and preserve our national values,” said Erdogan. He added that traditional sports also promote mutual respect for different cultures of various societies.

What are cultural sports? ›

Cultural sport psychology is a developing research category that investigates marginalized topics and cultural identities, while challenging the normative sport psychology assumptions. Cultural issues have emerged as a significant aspect of the sport psychology field.

How do you play weet weet? ›

These are twirled around and either thrown directly into the air or bounced from an inclined board or mat. Players aim to throw the longest distance or for accuracy at a target. Strict observance of safety measures is necessary to conduct any activities associated with throwing of the weet weet.

What do aboriginals call Australia? ›

There is no one Aboriginal word that all Aborigines use for Australia; however, today they call Australia, ""Australia"" because that is what it is called today. There are more than 250 aboriginal tribes in Australia. Most of them didn't have a word for ""Australia""; they just named places around them.

How did sport impact Australian culture? ›

The popularity of sport in Australia can partly be attributed to a warm climate that encourages people to get outdoors and be active. Sport also enables well-loved national values like 'mateship', 'having a go' and 'egalitarianism' (the assumption that that all people are equal), to be played out.

What causes lack of motivation in sport? ›

The number one reason why your athlete doesn't seem motivated is fear. Fear manifests in avoidance when your brain has gone into fight-or-flight.

What are the five personal barriers in sports participation? ›

Personal Barriers
  • insufficient time to exercise.
  • inconvenience of exercise.
  • lack of self-motivation.
  • non-enjoyment of exercise.
  • boredom with exercise.
  • lack of confidence in their ability to be physically active (low self-efficacy)
  • fear of being injured or having been injured recently.

What are some of the barriers to people participating in sport? ›

psychological – lack of confidence, unsure of ability. discrimination/negative attitudes – facilities, clubs or organisers not planning or providing for disabled participants. opportunity – appropriate sports or sessions need to be local and available.

How do sports bring communities together? ›

They Help Us Find Community

Whether the team is good or bad, everyone feels like part of the team's successes and failures. The whole community cheers together when the team is up and comforts one another when they're down. Watching games up close or from afar, you can feel the community's collective energy.

What is the influence of sports? ›

Sports teaches many important values which can reshape the foundation of human society. By participating in sports, one learn that there are no barriers in terms of social, political and ethnic aspects. Sports plays a crucial role in individual level also as it encourage them to stay overall active.

Why is sport an important role in society? ›

4 Athletic endeavors, both amateur and professional, have a tremendous economic, political and cultural influence on our society. Watching and playing sports provide ways to escape the stress of our daily lives and come together as a community. Hosting sporting events can boost tourism and revenue for a city.

Who was the first Aboriginal to win an Olympic medal? ›

Nova Peris became the first Indigenous Australian to win an Olympic gold medal when she was a member of the victorious Hockeyroos in Atlanta in 1996.

Who was the first Aboriginal to play for Australia? ›

In the 1970s, Harry Williams would become the first Indigenous Australian to play for the Socceroos and in 1974, he was selected as a member of the first Australian team to play at a FIFA World Cup.

Which sport did the first all Aboriginal sports team play internationally? ›

Cricket in Australia

In 1851 the first intercolonial match was played at Launceston between the Gentlemen of Port Phillip and the Gentlemen of Van Diemen's Land. The first Australian cricket team to travel overseas was an Aboriginal team, made up of stockmen who had learned the game on Victorian cattle stations.

What sports did the Indigenous people invent? ›

Lacrosse was invented by Indigenous tribes in North America and has since become a global sport. Originally called stickball, the Algonquian peoples in the St. Lawrence Valley were the first to play the game.

What are the skills that can be developed in playing Indigenous games? ›

Agility, strength, balance, reflexes, hand-eye coordination, accuracy, strategy, intuition, patience. These are skills Indigenous hunters and fishermen relied on to feed their communities. And those skills were learned at an early age through games and maintained throughout adulthood through play.

What are examples of Indigenous games? ›

More about indigenous games:
  • Dibeke/Skununu.
  • Kho-kho.
  • Ntimo/Kgati/Ugqaphu.
  • Diketo/Magave/Upuca.
  • Jukskei.
  • Ncuvu/Morula and Morabaraba.
  • Intonga.
20 Sept 2021

How does sports influence the physical activity participation of the community? ›

Communities that participate in sport and recreation develop strong social bonds, are safer places and the people who live in them are generally healthier and happier than places where physical activity isn't a priority. Sport and recreation builds stronger, healthier, happier and safer communities.

What did the indigenous people do for fun? ›

Native Americans enjoyed a wide variety of entertainment in the form of sports, games, music, dance, and festivals. Different tribes and regions had their own games and traditions. One of the most popular Native American sports was lacrosse.

Did indigenous people invent basketball? ›

Though the sport as we know it was created by Canadian educator James Naismith in 1891, basketball hasn't always been embedded in BC First Nations culture. But for Indigenous youth today, it is just as much a part of their day-to-day lives as hunting and fishing were for their ancestors.

Why did indigenous people play lacrosse? ›

“Lacrosse was an integral part of Native Americans' culture,” says Joe Finn, archivist at the National Lacrosse Hall of Fame and Museum. “It was played to prepare them for war, and it was also a social event where tribes would get together for trade and sport. It was sometimes used to settle disputes."

How is indigenous games and sports played? ›

The most popular indigenous game is umgusha, which is played using pantyhose as well as di tini, which is played using tins and a ball. One needs to participate regularly in indigenous games to stay in touch with one's own culture and heritage as well as get to know other cultures in this very diverse earth jungle.

What are the values of traditional sports? ›

“Traditional sports are a part of our culture and identity. If we keep them alive and make sure our future generations take an interest, we can protect and preserve our national values,” said Erdogan. He added that traditional sports also promote mutual respect for different cultures of various societies.

What benefits can we get from playing indigenous games? ›

Playing indigenous games not only improves physical development and brain stimulation. They get to experience and let their imagination wonder. Children also learn social skills because most of these games are played in a group. They also learn and understand rules.

What are some indigenous activities? ›

Traditional Activities
  • Hunting.
  • Fishing.
  • Gathering and harvesting foods.
  • Indigenous ball games, including Lacrosse.
  • Bone and Stick Games.

What do aboriginals call Australia? ›

There is no one Aboriginal word that all Aborigines use for Australia; however, today they call Australia, ""Australia"" because that is what it is called today. There are more than 250 aboriginal tribes in Australia. Most of them didn't have a word for ""Australia""; they just named places around them.

What affects sport participation? ›

People have different preferences and reasons for choosing to participate in sport and their choice is influenced by a number of factors including:
  • age.
  • gender.
  • ethnicity.
  • disability.
  • economic status.
  • cost.
  • access.
  • social factors.

How do sports bring communities together? ›

They Help Us Find Community

Whether the team is good or bad, everyone feels like part of the team's successes and failures. The whole community cheers together when the team is up and comforts one another when they're down. Watching games up close or from afar, you can feel the community's collective energy.

What is the influence of sports? ›

Sports teaches many important values which can reshape the foundation of human society. By participating in sports, one learn that there are no barriers in terms of social, political and ethnic aspects. Sports plays a crucial role in individual level also as it encourage them to stay overall active.

Videos

1. Australian Indigenous Cultural and Training Camp
(Cricket Australia)
2. A. Professor Andrew Bennie - Effective Coaching to Coaching Unlimited
(The Coach Doctor)
3. Young, Black and Proud Awards 2019
(Queensland Family and Child Commission)
4. Alcohol and drugs as left Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander people's in a grappling fight.
(Lukas Williams)
5. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Knowledges Seminar Series 5: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
(UniSydneyLibrary)
6. Health Message Indigenous Communities
(AMSANT)

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